On 11 February 1961, the English-speaking people of Southern Cameroon, in a plebiscite, voted to break away from Nigeria to join the French-speaking Cameroons. More than fifty-six years later, they are now seeking an independent state of Ambazonia. In their statement, the Southern Cameroonians stress that they are not separatists nor secessionists, but a people asking the United Nations to restore their sovereignty as enunciated in the UN Resolutions 1608(xv) of 21 April 1961, recognizing the existence of two nation-states—i.e. La Rèpublique du Cameroun and Southern Cameroon existing side by side within the geographic boundary called Cameroon.
Territory shown in red
Southern Cameroonians are working untiringly to give birth and obtain international recognition for the Republic of Ambazonia (see the map above). The flag and national anthem have been crafted. What the Ambazonians are waiting for is international recognition.
The struggle for independence by the Southern Cameroonians is said to have been caused by the marginalization and discrimination they have suffered in social, economic and political affairs of the country. The French speaking Cameroonians control the political and economic power while the English-speaking group are on the passengers’ seats. There are also the complaints about the gendarmes parading the villages in the Anglophone area and terrorizing the young and the old in French language.
The independence of Ambazonia will not be obtained without a fight with La Rèpublique du Cameroun. The dinosaur that has ruled Cameroon since November 1982 is unlikely to negotiate his territory. Already, security forces are reported to have killed six protesters and arrested hundreds of others agitating for the Republic of Ambazonia. The government of Paul Biya has also taken action to isolate and disconnect Southern Cameroonians from the rest of the world by shutting down Internet in the region, thus crippling businesses and social life of the Ambazonians. This crackdown has been condemned internationally, except France.